Environment or Genes?

Surprisingly, the answer to that question is actually your environment. While the innate quality of the speaking voice is something you inherit, there are numerous environmental factors that play a viable role in how you sound and speak. If you were raised in one of the southern states, it is likely that you have a drawl; if you are from Texas, you probably twang; and, if you call any of the 5 New York boroughs home, there is a good chance your speaking voice is characterized by nasality.
Genetic influence, responsible for the vocal instrument which includes the voice box, throat, mouth, nose, and chest cavity, is one of the reasons you may sound like your same-sex parent if you had a loving relationship with that parent. By no means will your voice be identical however. One of the beauties of the speaking voice is that it is as individual to you as are your fingerprints.
Do you sound like your mother or your father? The best answer to that question is hypothetical. Were you at your parents’ home and answered their phone, would the caller mistake you for your mom or dad? If you were given unconditional love by your same-sex parent, the answer would probably be yes.
What environment does to your sound, however, is to take the visit more information innate quality of your voice and shape it. Let me explain this by using the characteristic of nasality. In order to speak with a nasal voice, you must push the majority of your sound through your nose. Fran Drescher is a good example of this technique. In her role as The Nanny, Drescher was powering and amplifying her voice through her nose. The result was a strident and harsh sound.
Had Drescher been raised in one of the mid-western states her sound would be surprisingly different. While the pitch (highness or lowness of sound – not the volume which deals with loudness or softness) of her voice is surprisingly low, the fact that she maneuvers her sound through her nasal passages makes her voice sound higher in pitch than it actually is. Were she to take her voice out of her nose and allow her chest to be her ‘sounding board,’ she would discover a much warmer, deeper resonant sound.
This does not mean you are stuck with the voice you hear on your voicemail however. Most people are unaware that they have a better voice inside – a voice that, when trained properly, would be powered by the chest cavity. The great voices you hear from the likes of George Clooney, Kathleen Turner, Cher, and James Earl Jones all make use of their chest, the largest of the 5 resonating cavities, to produce those spectacular voices.
Just how good is your ‘real’ voice? Allow your chest to do your talking and you may discover a voice as dynamic as that of Vin Diesel or Ashley Judd!

Is He Stringing You Along?

Too many women write to me explaining click this site that their ex keeps in frequent contact, want’s to hang out, and even, occasionally, makes a booty call. This is very unhealthy behavior, on both sides. Him for doing it, and the woman for allowing it.
If this has happened (or it’s currently going on), he’s got you on a tether. He won’t let go so you can find someone else, and he strings visit our website you along JUST enough to keep your hopes up. This is not good for you because it keeps you in a state of hopeful limbo.
It’s important in this kind of situation to set some boundaries. You’re being a doormat and there’s no way he can respect you for accepting the crumbs he tosses your way. And there’s no way you can respect yourself. You know this is not good, but you’re ever hopeful that he’ll come back.
There’s another aspect about this that both men and women do to each other…”I don’t want you, but I don’t want anyone else to have you either…plus, if I decide I want you back, there you are.”
To get over someone you need at least two months of no communication and not even hearing their voice. No, it’s not easy, but once you move past the attachment, you’re free to find someone who will be thrilled to have you as their girlfriend, and doesn’t make you wonder and wait.
There’s a reason I have dedicated the last dozen years to helping women understand how men are different than women. When you fully embrace and honor those differences, your relationships with men will transform. You can learn how to understand men share this site with the secrets about men in Men Made Easy. If you want to find out if he’s a Caveman, a Dog, a Prince or all three, go to KaraOh.com and sign up to receive my 3 free ebooks.
If you’d like to find out if he’s a Caveman, a Dog, a Prince, or all three, you can get three free ebooks right here that will help you begin the journey of understanding men. If you’re REALLY serious about creating an amazing love-filled relationship, you’ll want to get Men Made Easy and start reading immediately!

2 Mistakes Guys Make Around Their Ex-Girlfriends

If you’ve been dumped, I know that subway surfers hack no root it can be a real challenge to get through the day. Suddenly you feel completely rejected and it seems like your entire world just got flipped upside-down. It’s enough to compel a lot of guys to try and get their ex back. But did you know that there are mobile strike hack cheats tool two common mistakes that you might be making?
The first is acting like a “nice guy.” share more content The nice guy will go out of his way to please his girlfriend and make sure that she is happy. This may seem harmless enough, but to your girlfriend, you are being a complete doormat. This is not attractive and, in fact, it is setting you up to be taken advantage of by her. She may even string you along and get you to do favors for her while dangling the possibility of getting back together in front of you like a carrot on a stick.
The main problem with being a nice guy is that you are in essence collapsing emotionally to her needs. You put your own needs and feelings on the back burner to take care of her. All of this is going on while you are secretly thinking that if you take care of her desires and needs, that she will reciprocate and take care of you.
We both know that this strategy won’t work. If it did, chances are you wouldn’t be reading this right now. You need to take responsibility for your own emotional well-being first and not expect others to do it for you.
The second problem that guys have is doing the opposite of the nice guy thing. They become a “macho jerk.” They may think that becoming the opposite of the nice guy is the answer, but it isn’t. You see, while the nice guy may not take care of his own emotional needs, the macho jerk doesn’t do that either. He instead ignores them completely and puffs himself up in an effort to appear strong and unbreakable.
We both know that this isn’t true either. All people have a rich and colorful emotional spectrum and blocking out feelings of sadness, pain, regret, or heartache doesn’t make you strong. It makes you brittle and weak. You become a prisoner to your own beliefs about what you should be and how you should act.
Instead there is a third option and that is to ignore the entire dichotomy. If both extremes aren’t good for you, then trying to find a balance isn’t the answer. The answer is to just stop playing the game. You have to realize that trying to manage your emotions by hiding them or by denying them isn’t going to get you what you want.
If you want real emotional connection with your ex-girlfriend and you want to actually have a meaningful conversation with her, you have to drop the whole idea that you need to act or be a certain way and just drop in and have a genuine and authentic conversation with her. When she realizes that you’ve dropped all the junk, she’ll be much more likely to open up to you.

Dbx Explorer

Have you ever heard about an easy way to restore the source mailbox of Outlook Express format? Try Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express and start the analysis of dbx files in several minutes, do you think that there is an easier way to get the recovery estimation for your mailbox? This program is applied in all cases when your mailbox in Outlook Express format cannot be opened normally. Recovery Toolbox for Outlook throne rush hack tool online Express cannot find the root cause of mailbox corruption, this dbx explorer is unable to prevent problems.

But, Recovery click more details Toolbox for Outlook Express features another way to solve data corruption issues, the .dbx explorer attempts to access the source mailbox in Outlook Express format and scan dbx files. In www.moviestarplanethackcheats.club/ some cases, it is better to restore the original mailbox from scratch and use a backup copy for this purpose. If you have thought about this matter before, you may replace the affected mailbox with another one that can be opened normally by Outlook Express.

Unfortunately, Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express is often the only way to restore your mailbox and dbx scan. Unlike other ways of Outlook Express help, Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express will not take a lot of time for its deployment. Owing to the small size of its setup file, Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express can be installed on your PC in several minutes after your decision to try this program. Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express features small system requirements, feel free to install this tool on any workstation.

Laptop Vpc11m1e/h

This Sony Vaio laptop VPC11M1EH may be the 1st laptop we have witnessed to make use of Intel’s brand new Core i3 mobile processor, and for that reason we couldn’t wait to benchmark it. A good general score of 77 might not really appear much, nevertheless considering that it’s equal to the speediest notebook within our recent ?00 mobile computer group test, we had been duly pleased.

More extraordinary, is that its 2.13GHz Core i3-330M may be the least pricey in the brand new range of cpus; a line which also consists of mobile Core i5 and Core i7 chips with base clock speeds around 2.66GHz. Each of the unique chips are usually dual-core and also have Hyper-Threading to boost efficiency while multitasking. The majority of cpus in the range likewise make use of Intel’s overclocking Turbo Boost technologies, which boosts clock speeds if your computer chip isn’t operating around its maximum heat range. Sadly, the entry-level Core i3 utilized in Sony Vaio VPC11M1EH does not contain this.

Intel has went to a 32nm production process for the new processors, using more compact transistor sizes, enabling the chips to be a lot more energy efficient, using a TDP of simply 35W. Intel has also included a new graphics processor on the chip, that gets rid of the demand for a devoted graphics chip plus decreases energy usage. Sony, although, has opted to make use of a devoted graphics chip in this case alternatively ?the ATI Mobility Radeon HD 5470 ?for the reason that integrated chip is not strong enough for playing modern day 3D games.

Provided all this, its battery score of 3 hours 15 mins had been slightly unsatisfactory. However, the battery itself is not quite large and the devoted graphics chipset negates any potential gain from the processor’s onboard GPU. We have seen this like a problem when using the Sony Vaio VPC11M1EH laptop, rather than Core i3 laptops generally. That mentioned, at above three hrs, it’s even now enough http://supermariorunhackcheatsz.com/ for infrequent mobile use.

Sony’s new VPC Range is a attractive notebook computer, having a subtle two-tone style. The lid and the location above the laptop keyboard are a gentle silver colour, whilst on our design, the laptop keyboard panel and also wrist rest were finished in white. The wrist rest alone carries a glossy finish with a subtle sparkle, and it is produced of a higher quality plastic material that is comfortable to work on and also feels solidly designed.

This high quality finish and selection of intriguing materials extends throughout the whole chassis, along with attention to detail as we’d anticipate from a Vaio. As an example, the energy button carries a small LED indicator where it meets the edge of the case, so it’s nevertheless visible when the lid shut. Our only concern has been the DVD drive tray, which can be flimsy as well as loose when open; a slot drive would have been a lot more in standing using the rest of the case.

The dedicated ATI graphics card assisted the Sony Vaio VPC11M1EH reach almost 20fps within more details our CoD4 benchmark. This isn’t fast sufficient for hardcore gaming, but much less action-oriented games, like Dragon Age: Origins or Mass Effect 2 will probably function easily at reduced resolutions and with a lot more sophisticated graphics options turned off.

HD video clip will not be a problem, and there is an HDMI port for delivering to your home entertainment system. The internal audio system are relatively loud, but tinny at higher wavelengths and lack bass, so in the event you wish to get the most from movies you’d be advised to connect a good audio system.

The screen is also much less amazing as we would wished. It carries a glossy finish which will reflect overhead illumination, and also vertical viewing angles are restricted. Colours are organic and energetic, however without having LED backlighting, contrast is not as good as some screens we have witnessed recently. The backlight is not as bright as some, nevertheless it is generally even, with simply a couple of darker patches across the bottom side.

Sony used to include a good software bundle including Adobe Photoshop Elements, but that’s missing from this design. You nevertheless obtain a lot of Sony utility software, although its effectiveness is questionable, and you obtain Sony’s media center substitute, obtainable via a dedicated button above the keyboard, which is slick yet doesn’t actually add anything that Windows’ own Media Center can’t provide. Another button commences the Vaio Care help software, which provides you with access to troubleshooting, backup and recovery resources.

Sonic, Super Mario And Other Addicting Games And Christmas 2008.

Computer Gaming has really evolved big time as of late. There is now talk even of the Music Industry now no longer interested in just providing suitable soundtrack material for the games themselves, but with the latest release of Guitar Hero actually becoming more and more proactively involved in the design and implementation of the games themselves.

This is a major development and one that is certain to make waves throughout the industry and it could herald another source of major investment in the genre. OK so what about Computer Games and Christmas? What鎶?it all about?

OK, Christmas first and then Check our website an explanation about the toys later.

Christmas day or Christmastide or just plain good old Christmas is arguably the most popular of all public holidays and is celebrated on the 25th of December and marks the anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. As with most things historical, the truth is actually slightly different from the fiction and due to a change in Calendar systems in the 1500鎶?from the old Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar, named after the then Pope, Pope Gregory VIII it would appear that though we celebrate Christmas day as the anniversary of Christ鎶?birth, the actual birth date may now differ slightly.

Nowadays to be brutally blunt, the holiday is all about commercialism, the purchasing of gifts and the giving of these gifts but lets not create too much of a downer on the entire season, who doesn鎶?like receiving gifts? The giving of gifts, the display of various decorations including the lighting up of lights on the Christmas tree with mistletoe etc are more representative of what Christmas actually means to us nowadays.

Also celebrated as a secular festival as well as being honoured by the worlds Christian population, the percentage of those who celebrate Christmas continues to rise. The holiday is widely celebrated around the world, including in the United States, where it is celebrated by 96% of the population. As has been mentioned the number of those worldwide celebrating Christmas has grown almost exponentially to appoint where more details for example, in the USA, it is reckoned that Christmas is celebrated by over 96% of the population.

Because gift-giving and several other aspects of the holiday involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, Christmas has become a major event for many retailers. To sum up, Christmas is now big business whether we like it or not and it is one of the facts of modern day life that we are going to have to get used to.

So to arguably to this years must have Computer Games and where to find them, the list is long and fulsome and to be honest it is quite a sight to see some of the older and more established names in the Industry appearing to make a comeback but perhaps they never went away.

It certainly looks that way.

Top of the share here list of comeback heroes yet again is the time honoured warhorse of the genre, Sonic the Hedgehog and his cohorts Knuckles et al. Alongside Sonic we see the re emergence of the mighty Italian Plumber Mario and his colleagues. For those a little less enlightened you could be forgiven that it was 1990 all over again but this time the technology is better.

10 Legal Uses For Your Marijuana Seeds

It鎶?no secret that many countries ban the sale of cannabis. It鎶?slightly less known that in many of these countries the actual cannabis seeds are legally allowed to be bought and sold. We whole-heartedly support these measures and only recommend our cannabis seeds are used for novelty purposes, as you can imagine but often we get asked exactly what people should use them for. Well, here鎶?what we do with our spare cannabis seeds ?hopefully it鎶 inspire you!

1. One for the Mantle Piece

Impress your friends with your fine collection of rare cannabis seeds by putting them on display. I personally have a collection of 127 dragon city hack tool online marijuana seeds, each one lovingly laid out on its own plush red cushion in a glass display case. Not only do they show you to be the expert collector you are, but they make great conversation starters.

2. An Expensive Form of Birdseed

If you鎶甧 in a country where the purchasing of cannabis seeds is legal, then there鎶?no reason not to feed them to your birds. Hemp is a common component of seed mixes for birds, and many report that our feathered friends will eat the cannabis seeds first. It鎶?no gta 5 cheats surprise when you consider how full of nutrients the humble marijuana seed is ?each one is packed with magnesium-rich chlorophyll and protein, making it a nutritious and easy to digest treat. In 1937 when the bird seed companies testified before congress regarding the legalities of marijuana seeds, they are reported to have stated that 鎻穉naries won鎶?sing without it?

3. Make Your Own Rainstick

A rainstick is a long hollow tube filled with beads of beans. When the stick is held up, all the filling fall down, and creates a sound like heavy rain falling. If you have enough cannabis seeds lying around, why not try your hand at constructing your own? Wholesome fun which is resolutely not illegal!

4. Make a Rattle for an Infant

If that doesn鎶?work (which it won鎶?, consider scaling down your aims and constructing a rattle. Simply drop a handful of cannabis seeds into an empty matchbox, securely fasten it shut and attach a pencil lords mobile hacks for a rattle on a budget.

5. Bring the Spirit of Summer with Miniature Boulles

Missing boulles on the lawn and the spirit of summer? Why not recreate the fun of boulles with your cannabis seeds. Paint each seed the colour you want, and then recreate the skilled sport of the elderly in your own living room.

6. Thrifty Christmas Presents

Economically speaking, times are hard and getting the money together for Christmas presents can be tricky. Although not the cheapest seeds, a bag of marijuana will still provide one seed each for all your family and friends ?and when they see all of the novel, fun and, best of all, legal things they can do with their gift, they鎶甧 sure to offer you their sincere and whole-hearted thanks.

7. Leave a Trail to Find your Way Around

Hansel and Gretel had the right idea ?they left a trail of breadcrumbs in the woods to find their way out. Of course it backfires on them when the breadcrumbs are eaten – which is why using cannabis seeds to find your way works best indoors. You should also make sure only to use them on white surfaces so they really show up clearly. Still, if you鎶甧 ever lost in a white floored palace, then you could use your cannabis seeds for navigation?I suppose.

8. Make Some Fine Cannabis Seed Art

Many of those who claim cannabis should be grown illegally point to the fine art that has been created by those using the 鎱糹gh?of the finished drug. But kids, you don鎶?need to be high to make great art ?try using the seeds themselves! You can paint the seeds and make them into a mosaic or a mural!

9. Make Yourself a Comfy Beanbag

Beanbags typically have thousands of polystyrene balls inside, but why not put your cannabis seeds to good use and fill a beanbag with them? Sure, it will cost a few thousand pounds more than buying polystyrene balls, but a beanbag full of cannabis seeds (probably) feels a lot more comfortable and you鎶 have the satisfaction of knowing yours is indefinably better.

10. Guess the Number of Marijuana Seeds in the Jar

A great way of recouping some of your losses on the marijuana seed beanbag is to put your remaining seeds in a jar, and have a competition amongst your friends over who can guess the correct number. If you put the price to play high enough, you could even make a profit on your comfy, comfy beanbag.

So use your cannabis seeds for any of these purposes, but make sure you don鎶?grow them under any circumstances! It can only end in tears.

A Summary of the 1976 Revision of Copyright Act

In 1976, the Copyright Act was not only revised, it was overhauled. The 1976 revision of the Copyright Act now forms the foundation for copyright protection under United States law. It solidified the common law doctrine of fair use and greatly enhanced the protections granted original works.

In section 102 of the topelevenhackcheatss.xyz/ Act, copyright protection is available for “original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.” The key change from the prior law is that works no longer have to be published to enjoy copyright protection, and one need not affix the copyright mark (the “circle C”) to one’s work to trigger federal protection. Previous controlling law condemned original works to the public domain if the notice of copyright was not properly included. The 1976 revision greatly expanded federal copyright protection, making state copyright laws all but moot.

The 1976 revision granted five (5) exclusive rights to copyright holders: the right to reproduce (copy), the right to create derivative works from the original, the right to commercialize the work, the right to perform the work publicly (if relevant), and the right to display the work publicly (if relevant). Digital audio recordings were added in 1995.

The doctrine of fair use was finally codified in the 1976 revision of the Copyright Act. Common law, which was well settled on fair use, was finally made black letter law. Section 106 denotes that the doctrine explicitly applies to any use of copyrighted work for news reporting, criticism, research, scholarship or teaching. Despite this definitive list, the fair use defense is not exclusively limited to just these activities. The Act provides a four prong factor test to madden mobile cheats tool determine whether fair use has occurred:

1) the purpose and character of the use (for instance, whether it is commercial or educational);
2) the nature of the copyrighted work (how creative is the work);
3) the amount and substantiality of the portion of the original work used; and,
4) the effect of the use upon the original work in the market (or potential market). The fair use defense was also extended to unpublished works.

The previous term of protection for copyrighted works was greatly expanded by the 1976 revision. Before, copyright protection existed for a term of 28 years, with an optional extension of an additional 28 years. Thus, your total protection for copyrighted works was capped at 56 years. The 1976 changes provided protection for the life of the author of the work, plus 50 years. A flat 75 year term was enacted for anonymous or pseudonymous works, and works made for hire. In 1998, the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act added even more protections. Protection now extends to 70 years after the originator’s death, and 95 years for works made for hire.

Copyright transfers were greatly clarified by the 1976 revision of the Copyright Act. Case law had made a mess of the presumption that the otherwise uninstructed transfer of a copy included the transfer of the right to the creative work itself. That is now definitively not the case. Section 204 of the 1976 revision fully details the procedure for transferring ownership of a copyrighted work. A copyright holder must sign a written statement of conveyance expressly transferring his or her ownership of the copyright to the recipient. Otherwise, there has been no transfer of the original work to the recipient.

Under the Act, one does not have to register your work with the Copyright Office in order to enjoy copyright protection; however, an action for infringement cannot be pursued until one registers with the Copyright Office, a process that can take up to six months. To register one’s work, the Act requires one copy and the requisite fees be deposited with the roblox cheats hack tool Office. Two copies are required if the work is published.

Copyright protections were extended and simplified by the 1976 revision of the Copyright Act. It is always good to find an attorney familiar with copyright law and the Act’s revisions if you are interested in protecting your original work.

Homeschooling in California – What Are Your Options?

Homeschooling in California is vibrant. Over 200 thousand children in California are now being homeschooled.

The possibilities for homeschooling in California were severely limited in February 2008 when a California judge ruled that only persons with a credentialed teaching degree could now teach children. But in August of that year, the same court changed its decision. If you declare your home to be a private school, your children may be taught by anyone whether they have teaching credentials or not.

But if you want to homeschool your children in California, and you would like to stay within the law, then what are your options? This article tries to clear up the legal situation.

California Homeschooling Options

Basically, homeschooling laws in California give you 4 options for homeschooling. You are free to pick the one that most suits you and your family:
* You declare your home to be a private school

This option has the least restrictions and red tape. But you still have share this site to comply with the homeschooling laws in California. Each year between October 1st and October 15th, you have to fill in a Private School Affidavit (R4 Form) . The teacher does not have to have formal teaching qualifications.

You do need to keep an attendance and you have to have a faculty record ?a list of people who “work” in your “private school”, so please write down your name on a piece of paper?BR/>
You also have to keep a California School Immunization on file to show that your children are not vulnerable to certain transmittable diseases. You should also be able to provide a Report of Health Examination for School Entry or a Waiver of Health Check-up for School Entry.

You also need to write down your children鎶?curriculum ever year. This doesn鎶?have to be a lengthy report, but there has to be some kind of written plan for authorities to check.

Finally, you have to teach a minimum of subjects to your children, but you are free to teach them in any way you see fit.

* Independent study program through a public school (ISP)

There are 2 marching routes within this option. The first is the Public School Districts. share our website Some offer a home study plan. If they do, run with it. You鎶 have to work with a state program teacher, who will check if the education you give your children complies with the minimum standards in California. If they don鎶? you will have to use one of the other methods.

The second is the Public Charter School. These are schools that receive public money but are exempt from some of the regulations that apply to other public schools. They are considered to be better than public schools. The California Charter Schools Association keeps a list of good schools in your surroundings. You will have to work with a facilitator from the charter school, who will meet you once a month.

* Education provided by a certified private tutor

The easiest but also the most expensive option. The tutor has to be a state certified teacher and the education has to be in English. He should share this site teach for 3 hours for 175 days a year. This option isn鎶?used much, because parents want to control the education of their children themselves. This way they would still bring the public school into their home, and they would have to pay for it (while it is normally free of charge to them).

* Private school satellite program (PSP)

This is an extension program run by private schools. However, they differ among themselves. Some schools allow you to take full control over and responsibility for your children鎶?education. You can educate your own children at your home.

This option is popular among Californian Homeschoolers as parents don鎶?have to fill in the tiresome Private School Affidavit (R4 form). The school has to handle the paperwork and red tape, not the parents.

On the downside, you are responsible for meeting the requirements of the California Education Code.

Journaling as a Reflective Practice

As leaders of living systems, the ability to reflect is one of the most important disciplines to develop. Over the years we have found that, at particularly difficult times in life, when confused and disheartened, and times of exhilaration when life is filled with joy and happiness, the journaling practice helps center us and provides a space for reflection and learning.
The Internet is filled with journaling advice, and journaling workshops abound. Most journaling teachers describe different kinds of writing such as “daily log,” “period log,” “dream log,” “dialogues.”
Regardless of the style of writing you choose to practice, the most significant part of journaling is that it’s yours–to be listened to by you without comment or judgment, received, not analyzed. Journaling provides disciplined attention to your own experience and your own words, allowing you to absorb your own experience and take it seriously.
Extremely difficult situations with enormous emotion attached can unfold in your journal, to be thought through from what might become a completely new perspective. You can later review your responses to situations in privacy without quick judgment from someone else. Journaling allows you to cope with significant events in your leadership role and offers a refuge to work on other things unfolding in your life.
Journaling will show you that understanding is really more important than critiquing. The more practice you put into this work, the more you will deepen share this website opportunities for understanding self and others.
Many leaders enjoying this writing practice describe their reflections as stepping-stones to deeper understanding of the professional practice patterns. Following the advice of Peter Senge, remember: patterns are not random. When repetitive leadership responses appear in our writing, we should look for the underlying mental models and structures causing the pattern. This becomes a superior way to reflect on the source of our behavior, coming to see what it is that defines us as a leader.
Although encouragement for a writing practice needs little additional support, sometimes the journal gets lost in the process of leading. When you notice that you’ve stopped, commit to writing this afternoon. It’s just that simple. The most common explanation for setting aside the journal is usually time– many leaders with challenging careers have households with kids, cats, dogs, aging parents and responsibility for may people and things. There just doesn’t seem time to keep a journal. But leaders tell us that they are ready to occasionally set the journal aside for the sake of time only after they have internalized the discipline of personal reflection. Reflecting as a practitioner will serve you well in your personal life or as a professional leader.
There are a few standard methods for journaling, but the ones that you use are the right ones for you. Don’t be surprised that these methods change from time to time along the learning way, or that you may employ multiple journaling techniques. The main thing is to keep writing. The following are a few techniques and methods to get you started.
Reflective Journaling-
This form of journaling invites the journal writer to take a few minutes at the end of a busy day or event to capture the day’s or event’s share this site interactions. Over time patterns in the response of the writer will unfold bringing awareness to a deeper level of structures and beliefs and attitudes which produce patterns in our lives ( p.20, Thinking Systems Thinking). Simply, a telephone conversation that the writer viewed as going well, or a meeting where the outcomes were clear and commitments occurred as well as any other interactions that resonate or stick with the learner are useful for a journal entry. The most important aspect of Reflective Journaling is persistence. Typically, this characteristic of journaling allows the pattern to emerge more rapidly. Idiosyncratic journaling will unfold the patterns over a longer period of time.
Reflective journaling can provide a time to decompress after a significant event. The writer can produce all the feelings and attitudes that surfaced before, during and after in the safe space of the journal. Not only a catharsis but a chance for deeper learning about self is a useful outcome of this type of Reflective Journaling practice.
Metacognitive Journaling-
Typically, a higher level of critical thinking occurs when one is aware of one’s thought processes. In a Metacognitive Journal, learners analyze their own thought processes following an incident, a meeting, a reading or any other type of event. While using the Metacognitive Journal Method, learners reflect on their thinking as the event was unfolding. The following key questions can be used a a Metacognitive Journaling prompt.
Key journal questions: What happened? What was I thinking during the episode? What enabled you to learn the most from this experience? What would you do differently, if anything, next time you are facing a similar situation?
Stream of Consciousness Journaling-
This technique invites writers to just keep writing for a few minutes and capture what they a thinking. At first, this seems simple, however, it is a struggle for some to overcome the desire to write down a chronological set of events or describe in detail a situation or event. Do your best to relax into the process and notice your thinking. This is a great method for working on those wicked problems life presents from time to time.
Another type of Metacognitive Journaling comes from the work of two long-time organizational researchers and theorists, Donald Schon and Chris Argyris.
Left and Right Hand Column Journaling–
The Left and Right Hand Column journal technique is an adaptation of Argyris and Schon’s Left Hand column designed to surface organizational defensive routines. In similar ways, this journaling technique assists the journal writer in surfacing their mental models enacted during a conversation.
In the traditional left-hand column exercise, people choose a difficult situation and reconstruct a related essential conversation. In the right-hand column, they write down what was said. In the left, they describe what they were thinking and/or feeling, but failed to say. The difficult situation becomes a “mini” case study where people can examine their own thinking, as well as the messy and often systemic problems which underlie the difficult situation and conversation.
This journaling technique invites learners to restate or summarize the conversation being studied by listing the statements made in the right hand journal column. In the left hand page or column, journal game of war fire age hack cheats writers articulate what they were thinking or feeling at that point in the conversation. The left hand column entry may include a comment, a question, a connection made, an analysis. etc.
Action Learning Journal Technique–
This method provides a simple direct way to begin the journaling discipline. At the conclusion of a day, a charged interaction, a week, a celebration or the culmination of a project, this technique supports personal learning and change in future responses to similar situations. Briefly describe the event in question and record the following three responses. The act of writing reinforces your learning and saves your ideas for future use.
Divide your journal page into three sections and place the following headings on top of each section: “What I Did,” “What I Learned,” and “How I Can Use It.” Respond to the first prompt , “What I Did”, in as much detail as you feel necessary. Once your actions are recorded move on to the next two columns and indicate your learnings (What I Learned.) and future applications (How Can I Use It?). These are the central points for any After Action Review, a phrase coined by the U.S. Military and used expansively in private and public sectors world-wide.
Personal Dialogue Journaling–
This type of journaling can be fun and insightful because it introduces You to You through personal dialogue.. Ask yourself a question and then answer it in writing. Provoke yourself to go deeper into a conversation with yourself around the question and let it flow without inhibition and see what You have to say! Continue until you have peace about your learning or find a resolution.